Coir, also called  coconut fibre, is a natural fibre extracted from the outer husk of coconut , found between the hard, internal shell and the outer coat of a coconut. Coir must not be confused with coir pith, which is the powdery and spongy material resulting from the processing of the coir fibre. Pith is chemically similar to coir, but contains much shorter fibers. The name coco peat may refer either to coir or the pith or a mixture, as both have good water-retaining properties as a substitute for peat.

Cocopeat is a very good alternative to traditional peat moss and Rock wool. Its air filled porosity and high water holding capacity makes it, an ideal growing medium for the plant crops. It is 100% organic and eco-friendly, free from soil borne pathogen and weed. It has a pH of 5.7 – 6.5, EC level <1 mS/cm is ideal for plant growth.

It increases water retention, aeration and provides antifungal benefits when used alone or incorporated into the soil as an ingredient.

Types of Coir

Coconut Coir is a hydroponic soil-less growing media made from the broken husk of coconuts. There are two types of fibers that make up coir — brown and white. Brown coir comes from mature, ripe coconuts and is a lot stronger, but less flexible. White fibers come from pre-ripe coconut husks and are far more flexible, but much less strong. Almost all of the coconut coir used for hydroponics is brown coir since it’s processed even more after initial harvesting.

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Cocopeat as a Growing Media

Prior to any treatment, coco coir’s cation exchange complex is naturally saturated with sodium due to coconut trees natural proximity to coastal areas and high tolerance for salt (sodium chloride). Coco coir’s initial salt content, measured by the electrical conductivity (EC), can range between 2 and 6 mS/cm – excessive for plant growing. Coco coir’s cation exchange complex also naturally contains large amounts of potassium, which competes with magnesium and calcium for uptake. Char Coir coco is abundantly washed with fresh water until reaching an EC below 1.0mS/cm (based on 1:1.5 extraction method). Even after washing, coco coir still contains residual sodium and potassium left in the complex, which can lead to nutrient lock up later. To stabilize the cation exchange complex and avoid nutrient deficiencies during the crop season, adequate buffering of coco coir is essential

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Testing Methods of Cocopeat

The following are the methods of testing some important properties of cocopeat. Some suppliers may follow a different method from the methods described below. Unless specified otherwise in the quotation, the testing methods for different major properties of cocopeat shall be as below.

 There is no standard specified for testing cocopeat, however the following methods describe industry accepted methods of testing.

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Coco Peat Specifications

We are identifying products based on the following codes which represent the grade of the products we manufacture. The grades may indicate quality, but is primarily meant to identify the type of product, its application and its ingredients. The grade code is not the batch number. The grade code is a general id for the product while the batch number helps us to identify type of product, place of manufacture and time of manufacture of the product. Together the grade code and batch number helps us to identify the exact product supplied to buyers.

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